Types, Benefits and Life Expectancy of the Single-ply Membrane Roofing System

With the many types and styles of roofing system to choose from today, picking the right roofing system for your home, office or building can be challenging, yet fun. Besides types and styles, there are also more than a handful of materials you can select from – from man-made products, like plastic polymers, sheet metal and asphalt to natural materials, such as wood and slate. Each choice has its own advantages and disadvantages, of course, with each adding a distinctive design too; just make sure it is the fitting crown to your home, office or building.

One type of roofing system that has grown in popularity in the U.S. over the past 30 years is the Single-ply Roofing System. Single-ply is a flat, synthetic or man-made polymer-based roofing material. Besides being safe, fast and easy to install, Single ply roofs have become very popular for refurbishment or new build projects also because of their:

  • Flexibility;
  • Light weight;
  • Cost and energy efficiency, leading to potential HVAC savings;
  • Superior resistance to ultraviolet light (UV) radiation;
  • Resistance to fire, harmful chemicals (like acid rain and other forms of acidic outflow), and potentially harmful micro-organisms;
  • Capability to create a lasting, watertight covering that is guaranteed to protect the roof against leaks; and,
  • Being environmentally-friendly in their production and ability to be recycled.

There are three main types of Single-ply membrane:

PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride). Besides its longevity and durability, PVC is also recognized for its capability to withstand chemical build-up and acidic outflow. This type of Single-ply membrane is also extremely easy to produce, install and repair, and has an estimated life expectancy of 20 to 30 years.

EPDM ( Ethylene Propylene Diene Terpolymer). This versatile and flexible single-ply membrane can be ballasted, mechanically secured or fully adhered. It has excellent weathering qualities and is 100% resistant to Ozone thermal shock, changing weather conditions and UV radiation. EPDM has a life expectancy of between 20 – 30 years, even up to 40 years in some parts of the U.S.

TPO (Thermoplastic Olefin). TPO is also known as Thermoplastic polyolefin or Flexible Polyolefin (FPO). This roofing membrane, which has the potential to last up to 25 years, may not be as flexible as PVC, but it is extremely Eco-friendly and allows for cooler and more consistent temperature control due to its white color composition that reflects heat: this results to reduction in energy costs due to lesser use of electricity and/or gas to run air conditioning systems. In states where the climate is warmer, like in Florida, TPO roofing systems are said to have shown to last longer than almost all of flat roof systems, saving companies money in maintenance and restoration costs.

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When Man’s Best Friend Turns On You – Understanding First Aid For Dog Bites

A dog has always been considered as man’s best friend. They will protect their masters from burglars or thieves, ensure the safety of the public, or provide companionship to people. But sometimes things can go wrong and these dogs whom we consider as our best friend can suddenly attack and bite you. According to the website of The Benton Law Firm, dog bite injuries can be fatal and can cause severe injuries.

Recent figures from the Centers for Disease Control reveal that 4.7 million dog bite incidents occur in the United States per year. Half of that number are children ranging from 5 to 9 years old. In addition, 1 out of every 5 dog bites result to injuries needing medical attention. Among the various breeds, pit bulls account for 82% of deaths due to dog bites. This breed of dog comprise 6.6% of U.S. dog population. The combination of pitbulls and rottweilers was responsible for 91% of the total recorded deaths in 2015 as well as 76% of all fatal attacks from 2005 to 2015.

Why Do Dogs Bite?

Before we proceed with first aid for dog bites, it is worth knowing the reasons why these animals act in such a way. A dog will bite as a result of stress. When they feel scared or threatened, dogs will bite as self-defense or to protect their puppies or their masters. Another reason that these animals bite is when they are not feeling well or they are startled. By knowing these things, you can keep your pet dog from biting other people.

Treating Dog Bites

While you can treat dog bites with first aid, it is recommended to see a doctor. This is important if the dog that bit you is unfamiliar to you, if the bite is deep, there is continuous bleeding, or may be infected. Dog bites may cause infection that requires treatment with antibiotics. Here are some first aid that you can try first before going to the hospital:

  • Stop the bleeding by placing clean towel over the injury
  • Ensure that the injured area stays elevated
  • Carefully cleanse the bite using soap & water
  • Apply a sterile bandage to the affected area
  • Add antibiotics to the injured area and do it on a daily basis

When it comes to dog bites, you need to bear in mind that treatment will be dependent on the circumstances and level of injury of the bite. For superficial wounds, use running water for cleaning the wound. Afterwards, apply hydrogen peroxide or isopropyl alcohol. Apply a topical cream before covering with a bandage.

For puncture wounds, let the wound bleed and wait for five minutes. By letting the wound bleed, you are also cleansing it. However, if you have lost a lot of blood or is gushing out forcefully or the wound is located in the head or neck, call 911 if this happens.

After five minutes, apply direct pressure to stop the bleeding. If it stops, rinse the wound using running water and mild soap for about five minutes. Again, if it does not stop, call 911.

For puncture wounds, avoid using rubbing alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or Mercuchrome as this will slow down the healing process. Although puncture wounds do not require a bandage, you can put one if you want to but do clean it thoroughly first.

In the hospital, the doctor will check if the bite is deep enough to result to damage in the muscoles, tendons, nerves, or bones. They will then thoroughly cleanse the bite wound to remove dirt or bacteria as well as dead tissues. The doctor will do everything to prevent infection. If the health status of the dog is unknown or if it has rabies, the doctor will give you a rabies vaccine as well as a tetanus shot.

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Misdiagnosis, a Common Error in Emergency Departments

A triage nurse is the person responsible in determining the severity of those rushed to a hospital’s emergency department, where priority of treatment is never based on a first come, first serve basis, but rather on the severity of the condition of the patient. Thus, a person with a life threatening condition will need to be treated ahead of everyone else even if they all arrived hours before him or her.

Long waits are very common in emergency departments; but, though waiting can be one infuriating experience, especially to a patient who may be suffering from extreme pain but whose condition is actually much less severe than another, medical personnel have no other option besides attending first to those with more serious complaints. A reasonable rule, definitely, but only if all complaints are diagnosed correctly.

Sadly, but thousands of medical errors are committed in emergency departments, or emergency rooms (ERs), making these very frequent recipients of medical malpractice lawsuits filed by injured patients or the families of patients whose injury has resulted to death. Majority of these errors are wrong diagnosis or misdiagnosis.

Correct diagnosis of a patient’s health complaints is critical in medical treatment since it will enable a doctor to provide timely treatment and correct medication. Many times in emergency departments, however, the contrary happens, maybe due to their overcrowdedness and chaotic atmosphere and, with these departments usually being understaffed despite the overload of patients, poor communication, lack of collaboration between nurses and doctors and, worst, misdiagnosis become very common.

The most common types of conditions that are often misdiagnosed in emergency departments are stroke, heart attack, pulmonary embolism, meningitis, and appendicitis, which has a 28% to 57% misdiagnosis rate in children under 12 and almost a 100% in infants.

A misdiagnosis, or wrong diagnosis, is one kind of medical malpractice that can result to the worsening of a patient’s original health complaint, cause a new serious health condition, or even lead to fatal consequences. Probably worse than all these probabilities, however, is the fact that this type of malpractice is a product of medical negligence, thus, making all of its ill effects preventable.

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Is Getting Car Insurance Really Worth It?

It can seem like a lot of expenses all at the same time, which is properly understandable. After all, it can’t have been easy to have acquired a car of your own in the first place and the thought of additional expenses that some people tend to overlook has no real appeal. If there are some people who can get away without car insurance then surely, it wouldn’t hurt to neglect it too, right?

The fact of the matter is, not getting car insurance really hurts you more than it benefit you. Sure, you’re saved from laying down the payments necessary but then when you really need the money in order to cover a car accident or if some kind of damage occurred to your car and you really need it handled without the extra stress, that’s when you wish you could have taken more precautions with your investment. Sometimes, these unfortunate incidents that can cause damage to your car need not even have you behind the wheel!

According to the website of the folks with Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, there have been incidents where insurance policies covered the damage done unto a vehicle due to unforeseen circumstances that are beyond human control, such as inclement weather. You can’t help it if a branch suddenly pierced your windshield or a large flood suddenly waterlogged your entire car. Fixing your car’s insurance can, at first, seem like such a chore but when you think about all the things that could happen and the things that are out of your control, it can be more than worth it to be safe than sorry.

Getting your policy for your car doesn’t even necessarily have to be such a chore, even. Policies are usually tailor made for every car, its owner, and the kind of living conditions that the owner has. These things can be quite personalized to be suited to the lifestyle of the policy owner and, if handled by the right kind of professionals, can go smoothly and without further incident.

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Asbestos Exposure: A Little Can Affect A Lot

It doesn’t take a lot of exposure for your life to suddenly change right before your eyes. A badly taken photo can go viral for the entire world to see within five minutes. A wrongly timed or wrongly worded tweet can mean the end of your career forever. The teensiest inhalation of poisoned air can bring forth devastation and desolation to you and your entire family without you even knowing it.

This is the effect that asbestos can have on you – and all it takes a single moment. It doesn’t take a lot. Asbestos used to be widely and greatly used for construction and the like due to its durability as well as its resistance to fire. However, there are certain health hazards that were reported due to exposure to the drug. It was then banned in 1979 due to outstanding evidence of how asbestos can be severely harmful to human beings.

However, there is still evidence of how it affects people today. Take the case of people who have been diagnosed with mesothelioma, for example. Mesothelioma is a rare kind of cancer that is highly malignant. There is no known cure for this disease and, given the fact that it is quite rare, some treatments for this disease is still highly experimental. Medical procedures necessary to extend the life of the person who has been diagnosed with this disease can be quite costly, and the expenses necessary for that alone can be extremely strenuous to gather.

Some people might not want to contact asbestos lawyers as they do not know that mesothelioma is the most lethal side effect of asbestos exposure, and there are two things that can be highly discouraging with regard to cases like this. The first is that this disease is extremely slow acting and can take years and years before it can actually be detected. The second point is a direct consequence of the first point as, due to how slowly it takes hold, it can be difficult and stressful to gather evidence of when and where the victim was exposed to the substance.

However, if you or someone you know has been diagnosed with mesothelioma due to asbestos exposure, it is recommended that lawyers with expertise with regard to cases like this are contacted immediately in order to know the best possible choice to choose next.

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The Basics of Temporary Total Disability Benefits

Temporary total disabilities can be more than stressful for the disabled person involved, especially if the person’s profession is with an hourly rate. Suffering from an injury that renders you temporarily but totally disabled is terribly inconvenient for all involved and if whatever caused the disability is work-related, you are more than entitled into applying for temporary total disabilities benefits.

What is a temporary total disability? Well, it’s all in the name really. This simply means that for a determined amount of time, you not able to perform your professional duties at all. You may have broken a bone or have been paralyzed for a little while, or maybe some other condition entirely. The word ‘temporary’ implies, however, that you will eventually recover and will be able to return to your duties.

A sick leave can be taken, wherein you are given a few paid days when you are allowed to take it easy and rest for a while before returning to work. There are some instances, however, when a few days will not cover the kind of recuperation that your body requires and the disability will need weeks or even months or years before the person suffering can return to his or her regular, day-to-day life.

The process with which to acquire these benefits is sometimes already taken care of by the employers in question since, according to the website of Hankey Law Office P.C., disabilities and personal injury situations are covered by insurance policy upon employment. Thus, these issues can often be dealt with.

However, this is not always the case and these procedures can be quite tiring and complicated. A person already suffering disability is already susceptible to discomfort of the highest degree as well as distress from being unable to do anything about the injury. Acquiring the expert help of legal professionals could save a lot of time and effort that could be better spent on getting better instead.

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Internal Bleeding – A Common Deadly Effect of Modern Anticoagulants

In the US, Rivaroxaban, an anticoagulant or blood-thinning drug, is sold under the generic name Xarelto. Its manufacturers, Johnson & Johnson’s subsidiary Janssen Pharmaceuticals and Bayer Health Care, intended this prescription as an alternative to Warfarin, which has been in the market since 1954, and as a competitor to Pradaxa, which gained FDA approval in 2010.

Xarelto was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2011 for patients recuperating from a surgery on the knee and hip replacement surgery, and for those suffering from atrial fibrillation, which is irregularity in heartbeat, pulmonary embolism, which is blood clotting in the lungs, and deep vein thrombosis or DVT, a condition wherein blood clots form in deep veins, typically in the legs.

To prevent blood from clotting, Xarelto slows down the production of Factor Xa, the necessary protein that enables thrombin to form (a thrombin is blood plasma enzyme that causes blood clotting). This capability makes Xarelto (and Pradaxa) the first types of direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI) drugs approved by the FDA.

New generation blood thinners, however, have been found to cause severe internal bleeding, their most dangerous, and often deadly, adverse effect. But in the case of Xarelto, bleeding is more serious, besides the fact that there is no available medication to reverse it (unlike the bleeding due to Warfarin, which can be altered by Vitamin K). Some of the other side-effects linked to Xarelto include the paralyzing spinal or epidural hematoma, stroke, heart-related illness, prolonged bleeding after a cut, frequent nosebleeds, brain hemorrhage, bleeding gums and heavy periods.

Millions of unsuspecting individuals in the US are prescribed with Xarelto every year, not even being informed of the risks they will be subjected to if they use the drug. Being made to suffer an injury that they do not deserve is too much injustice for them and their family.

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The Tips And Tricks Handbook For Personal Injury Cases

One personal injury can really take over your life. In order to receive a monetary compensation for your injury, you will have to sue the people involved. There are a lot of attorneys out there and legal aspects of personal injury you need be aware of. Read the following article to gain an insider view of the personal injury settlement process.

If you lost income as a result of your injuries, you will need proof of it for the courtroom. Speak with your employer and ask them to give you a statement that outlines how much money you earn and how many days of work you missed because of what happened to you. Depending on whether you earn an hourly wage or not, your income tax return could also be valuable documentation to bring with you. Understanding exactly how much income loss you’ve absorbed after an injury, in addition to the cost of your medical bills, can give you an understanding of just how much money you may be able to recover.

When choosing a personal injury attorney, ensure that you are choosing a law office which has an entire department dedicated to personal injury. Meanwhile, it is common for law offices to pursue several different types of cases. It is important to choose an attorney who’s well versed in your niche.

Take a second to ask your friends and family about any recommendations that they might have. Personal injury lawyers come in all shapes, sizes, and varieties: you might need a trusted friend’s opinion to find the right one for you. Make sure it’s someone you know is trustworthy and has no financial motivations. If all of your friends are lucky enough to have avoided personal injury, a simple Internet search will give you plenty of law firm review sites that will post the track records of local attorneys.

During your initial consultation with your personal injury lawyer, check to see how organized he is. This is important because you will want someone who is on top of their game to represent you. Small personality traits like this can make all the difference when the lawyer is making your case in court.

Don’t let a company victimize you after you’ve suffered a personal injury! It is within your right to sue and receive compensation for your troubles. The following article has lightly touched upon the topic of persona injury. In order to ensure that you get a fair settlement, apply all that you’ve learned today for success.

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World’s Top Fashion Cities

The verdict is in for the top ranking cities for fashion, and New York City has outscored Paris by a hair. At least, that is according to the annual report by Global Language Monitor, a company that specializes in analyzing Internet traffic to derive current information.

But fashion is hardly something you can reduce to numbers. Being the most popular in terms of hits is hardly the same as being the most influential when it comes to fashion. The word “fashion” itself suggests fickleness, so these numbers can be as representative of influence as a person’s vital statistics describes character.

It is only historically that we can see which cities have the deepest impact in the fashion world, and in fact, New York City does come into the list, but not as the penultimate. Most people would agree that Paris is the center of fashion, and indeed, it has been so for more than 300 years. But this should be qualified; it is the center of haute couture or high fashion. For more robust tastes, they turn to Milan where the top Italian designers are based getting ready for their next foray for fashion week.

And then we have London, where the culture mix is reflected in the eclectic feel of much of its seasonal offerings, ranging from almost traditional to the funky. This is something that can also be seen in the fashion scene of New York City, but perhaps in a more in-your-face style.

But if you prefer quirky often bordering on the bizarre, you will want to head out to the fashion districts of Shibuya and Harajuku in Tokyo. Not haute couture, perhaps, but equally interesting.

So the next time someone tries to convince you that a city with the right numbers qualifies as the top fashion capital of the world, feel free to challenge his or her fashion sense. It is, after all, a matter of perspective.

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Antidepressant Drug Zoloft

Zoloft (generic name Sertraline) is one of the many types of SSRI’s that are given to adults who suffer from major depressive disorders and for both adult and children with panic and anxiety disorders as well as OCD. It comes second among the most-prescribed antidepressants in the United States. Zoloft has pretty much the same contraindications and side effects as other SSRIs, namely insomnia, dry mouth, lower libido and poor sexual performance, nausea, dizziness, and headaches. It also poses the same risks of birth defects for babies whose mothers take Zoloft while pregnant or are breast feeding.

Zoloft dosage relies upon the condition that it is prescribed for: factors such as the age, extent of the condition, patient’s medical history, and other elements are to be looked at before being given a Zoloft prescription. In addition, doctors should know about their patients’ other medication since these can be adverse effects to the patient if there will be drug interactions. Zoloft should not be taken with MAO inhibitors, other antidepressant drugs, Warfarin, Pimozide, and Cimetidine because it can cause severe side effects and further health complications.

In order to get the best results from Sertraline (and to avoid complications) you should inform your doctors about issues such as kidney or liver disease, bleeding or blood clot disorders, epilepsy, seizures, bipolar disorder and family history of drug use and suicide. Doctors are required to make regular check-ups, especially to patients who are antidepressant for the the first time, since taking antidepressants can increase thoughts of suicide. Sudden mood changes, increasing degrees of anxiety or panic attacks, or worsening or addition of side effects or other mental conditions should immediately be reported to your doctor. This is particularly important if you are prescribed a new antidepressant or you had a change in dosage.

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